Peritoneal Dialysis or Homedialysis- Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a treatment for patients with severe chronic kidney failure. The process uses the patient's peritoneum in the abdomen as a membrane across which fluids and dissolved substances (electrolytes, urea,creatinine, glucose, and other small molecules) are exchanged from the blood. Fluid is introduced through a permanent tube in the abdomen and flushed out either every night while the patient sleeps (automatic peritoneal dialysis) or via regular exchanges throughout the day (continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis).
There are two major types of PD:
1. Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)
2. Continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD or APD)